The resulting damage can lead to overactive bladder, difficulty controlling the sphincter muscles that help retain and release urine, or difficulty emptying the bladder. For others, the symptoms are clear: "They urinate too much, they’re getting thirsty, they’re getting up at night to urinate, they're hungry, they’re losing weight," said Fernando Ovalle, MD, an endocrinologist and director of the University of Alabama at Birmingham's Comprehensive Diabetes Clinic. When there's too much sugar circulating in the blood, the body tries to get rid of it. “It’s usually bright red,” Dr. The ends of what are the symptoms of high blood sugar the longest nerve fibers in the body are usually the first to suffer, according to the American Academy of Neurology. It makes you pee frequently—and in large amounts. GI problems? Either way, without proper treatment, toxic amounts of sugar can build up in the bloodstream, wreaking havoc head to toe. Skin issues can be among the first signs of diabetes. The nerves that control internal what are the symptoms of high blood sugar body functions, what are the symptoms of high blood sugar like digestion, are vulnerable to high blood sugar levels, too. Ovalle. “That’s why we start to see complications in these very small blood vessels. Some people feel extremely hungry and may experience sudden or unexplained weight loss because the cells of the body aren't getting the sugar they need as a fuel source. Men may experience erectile dysfunction due to blood vessel damage, and some can have what are the symptoms of high blood sugar a problem with retrograde ejaculation, in which semen travels to the bladder instead of through the tip of the penis. Over many years, the filters become scarred and the home remedies for high blood sugar kidneys no longer function properly. Often, high blood sugar causes no (obvious) symptoms at all, at least at first. To carry glucose into the cells as what are the symptoms of high blood sugar an energy supply, cells need help from insulin. Numb toes and tingling fingers—a condition called peripheral neuropathy—can be a sign that your blood sugar has dieters tea for weight loss been too high, for too long. ” Glucose comes from most foods, and the body uses other chemicals to create glucose in the liver and muscles. People with diabetes are at greater risk of urinary tract infections. Controlling blood sugar levels can prevent further damage. The pancreas releases insulin into the blood, based upon the blood sugar level. Nerve absence of vomiting reflex wiki damage to the extremities can produce a what are the symptoms of high blood sugar range of symptoms, from burning or prickling to shocking pain. Studies suggest people with diabetes may be at heightened risk for thinking and memory problems—and even Alzheimer’s. The good news is that catching it early—before you have any of the following signs and symptoms—can help you get treated and avoid serious complications down the road. That’s why the feet, legs, arms, and hands are all vulnerable. And that’s just the start. That includes people who are overweight, physically inactive, have high blood pressure or have a family history. The macula, the center part of the eye responsible for detailed vision, can swell, too, causing vision loss. Uncontrolled blood sugar can lead to gastroparesis, a condition where food in the stomach moves slowly to the small intestine or stops moving altogether. “Over time, if your blood glucose is high, you develop poor circulation, and that can lead to problems with strokes and brain atrophy and poor memory,” Dr. “It can be kind of painful, irritated and itchy. But if repeated tests are elevated, it's a sign you how do you treat asthma have a problem. Diabetes also what are the symptoms of high blood sugar can damage the nerves that control bladder function. When blood sugar is persistently elevated, the filtering system essentially has to work overtime to clear the excess sugar from the blood. On tests of word recall, older adults with higher hemoglobin A1c results were not able to remember as many words. “But if it’s been going on for a while and the sugars have been high for years, then it probably won’t go away,” says Terri Washington, MD, an endocrinologist at Diabetes, Osteoporosis, Obesity Inc. Washington says. The same blood vessel damage that can cause heart attacks, kidney, and eye health problems, can also affect your brain. Type 2 diabetes means your body doesn’t use insulin properly and you can end up with too much or too little insulin. , in Oak Lawn and Amherst, Ill. Insulin helps move glucose from digested food into cells. A German study revealed that higher blood sugar levels impair thinking and memory even in people who do not have diabetes. Many people don’t know they have diabetes until they’re tested. The kidneys house tiny blood vessels that filter waste products from the blood. A single high blood sugar test isn't enough to diagnose diabetes, because blood sugar can spike if you are sick or under stress. It can make you really thirsty because you're dehydrated (here are other dehydration symptoms). "You can imagine how hard it can be for thick syrup to get to the tiniest point of small blood vessels—places like the eyes, the ears, the nerves, the kidney, the heart,” said Joanne Rinker, a certified diabetes educator and registered dietician in Waynesville, NC. Insulin is a hormone made by the pancreas, an organ near the stomach. ” Even in people who do not have diabetes, there is a direct relationship between blood viscosity and blood glucose levels, an Italian study found. Blood sugar problems can show up in your skin, the body’s largest organ. When blood sugar is elevated over a period of time, your body loses fluid and your skin becomes dry, cracked, and itchy. Brain scans also revealed a smaller hippocampus, the region of the brain responsible for memory, in people with higher blood sugar. People with type 1 diabetes don’t make insulin, the hormone needed to ferry sugar from the bloodstream into cells. Have diabetes, but one in four has no idea. Ovalle explains. But i n later stages, abnormal vessels can appear, obstructing central and peripheral vision. And that exacerbates the problem of controlling blood glucose, says Dr. Another 86 million have higher-than-normal blood sugar levels, but not high enough to be diagnosed with type 2 diabetes. A loss of libido or difficulty having what are the symptoms of high blood sugar an erection or an orgasm can signal that your blood-sugar levels are out of whack. Excess sugar spills into urine, drawing water out of the body. It cases nausea, vomiting, bloating and pain. S. Not only that, but when they do get infections, their problems are more severe. That's why it’s a good idea to get your blood sugar tested if you are at risk for diabetes. Not surprisingly, help for sciatica leg pain people with bladder problems report poorer quality of life. In diabetic patients, glucose does not enter the cells sufficiently, thus staying in the blood and creating high blood sugar levels. One area where small blood vessels get damaged is in the retina, the light-sensitive portion of the back of the eye. High blood sugar can seriously harm your eye health over time. Women may have vaginal dryness, painful sex, or reduced sensation in the genital area. Sugary blood has a thicker, stickier consistency. People can have severe constipation, frequent bouts of diarrhea, or both. Excess sugar in the blood damages the nerves and blood vessels that play a crucial role in making sex enjoyable or even possible. The blood carries glucose ( blood sugar) to all the cells in the body. In the short term, blood sugar spikes can cause blurry vision, at least temporarily; once sugar levels are closer to normal, vision improves. Sometimes, the body stops making insulin (as in type 1 diabetes), or the insulin does not work properly (as in type 2 diabetes). Yeast-like fungal infections, particularly in women, for example, can show up under the breasts and absence of vomiting reflex feature in the groin area. About 29 million people in the U.